I don't think bartering has really "gone away." If "comeback" means it will have more importance in day to day dealings, then, no, I do not believe it will make a comeback.
Barter only works when you have the item or skill that the other person wants and they have the item or skill that you want. It works best when you know the person and they are trustworthy, and, of course the other way round. This means that bartering becomes limited and will not become the premier way of obtaining goods and services. DH and I have bartered over the years and it has worked out. Mostly the barters involved exchange of services rather than "stuff." My friend barters for/with stuff rather than services, but then again, she lives in an area that is still "Dutchy" and has a good number of small farms. We both know our barter "partners" well. Son does very well "swapping" via the net for his hobby.
When Argentina had their financial collapse in 2000/2001 (?), a network of barter clubs appeared. Finding the right person who wanted your stuff or skill and you finding a good match was difficult, so they resorted to "tickets." They were easily stolen and duplicated. There were also criminal problems as well. People needed money for groceries, etc. From what I understand the clubs have either disappeared or are greatly reduced.
What will spring up, especially if things get worse, are gray/black markets. I have no insight to this. This is what a guy in Argentina says. He has lived through hard economic times and this was the result.
If the economy tanks, unemployment benefits run out, jobs are scarce, and few are able to fill in the gap with finding a financial niche (i.e. small business) in the economy, the real problem will be crime.